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Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center

Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center

Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center

Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center

Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center

Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center

Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center

Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center

Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center

Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center

Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center Ecotourism & Tourism Information Center
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Churches

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308906_mayr-ator-surb-ejmiatsin_-ejmiatsin__1600x1200_www.GdeFon.ruEchmiadzin (Mayr Tachar): Echmiadzin, which means the “The Descent of the Only Begotten Son”, is an ancient capital of Armenia. Armenia was the first country in the world to adopt Christianity as its state religion. Echmiadzin is the residence of the Supreme Catholicos of all Armenians and the center of the Armenian Apostolic Church. The existing Cathedral was rebuilt around 480 AD on the site of the early 4th century cruciform basilica of which barely four bases had survived.The Cathedral’s museum exhibits an unusually large collection of applied and decorative art objects associated with the church; reliquaries, gonfalons, and the like, dating from the 10th-18th centuries.

100_9800_gandzasarGandzasar: Among the monuments of Artsakh, Gandzasar monastery has its significant and special place. It is considered to be one of the pearls of Armenian medieval architecture. It consists of a church, monk cells and other buildings of economic significance. The dome of the cupola of the main church is of great artistic value due to its delicate bas-reliefs. The monastery is built on the peak of Gandzasar Mountain.


GeghardddddddddGeghard:  The astounding Geghard monastery is situated 6 km from the temple at Garni and is revered throughout Armenia as one of the country's greatest spiritual and cultural centersl. Geghard is an architectural wonder – a complex of churches hewn from within a mountain of solid rock. Particularly, the main church with its vestibule is striking, alongside three other churches which comprise the site. The main church, Saint Katoghike, dates back to 1215. Together with other domes and columned belfries, the Geghard complex is deservedly one of the most popular destinations for the locals and tourists alike. Boasting intricate stone-carvings, a natural spring, and numerous stone crosses (khach-kars), Geghard has endured all manner of assaults throughout the past 700 years.

GarniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiGarni Temple: Garni temple which towers over a triangular cape, is the unique survived example of heathen culture in Armenia. It is a blend of Greco-Roman and Armenian styles. King Trdat the First ordered building the temple in the first century A.D. and dedicated it to the God of Sun. After adopting Christianity in 301 the pagan temple lost its significance and the fortress of Garni became the summer residence of the kings. Nowadays the ruins of the royal palace and the bathroom with a stunning mosaic work can be found near the temple.


GoshavanqqqqqGoshavank: Gosh village Nor-Ghetik or Goshavank is an example of 12th-13th century architecture. It was founded by Mkhitar Gosh, a medieval Armenian ruler who was both a scholar and a politician. The earliest building is the Church of the Virgin (1191-1196). On the church’s western side is a large four-column gavit (1197-1203). The other church is St Gregory (1208-1241) near a small chapel named for St Gregory the Illuminator (1237) the portal and decorative arches of which exemplify the architect’s remarkable taste and décor. A 13th century book depository, its roof resting on criss-crossed arches, was later topped with a belfry (1291). A number of small chapels complete the site, surrounded by delicately carved khatchkars, works of the master Pavhos (13th century), one of which is displayed now in the State Museum of Armenian History.


HaghaRtsinHaghartsin: Near Dilijan town This monastic group of buildings, near the town of Dilijan includes three churches, two gavits (one in ruins), a refectory, a group of chapels and several khachkars. The principal church St. (Sourb) Astvatsatin was built in 1281 as a cupola structure with a tall drum. The south entrance is crowned with decorative moldings. All the walls, except the west one, have two triangular niches on the outside. The most ancient of the group is the church of Saint Grigor (11th century) with its cupola on an octagonal drum. A second near-by gavit is rectangular in shape and built in the 12th century. The small church of Saint Stepanos (1244), of the cupola type, is an elegant structure with finely worked motifs. The refectory built in 1248 by the architect Minas, is one of the best representatives of medieval Armenian architecture: a structurally daring concept is divided into a pair of communicating square halls, roofed with intersecting arches.


HaghpatHaghpat: Haghpat village Haghpat, one of the most resplendent monasteries in Armenian history. It was founded by Saint Nishan at about the same time as the monastery of Sanahin during the 10th century. The two-storied structure’s first floor is cross shaped, while the second is octangonal and crowned by a cupola resting on a series of elegant columns. The complex was once the home to libraries, scriptoriums, schools and refectories. The monastery is the jewel of the wide, deep valley formed by the Dzoraget river and is framed wonderfully by the idyllic surrounding natural setting.

Kecharis_in_snow-DSC_0035Kecharis: The Kecharis complex was built in the 11th-13th centuries. The domed hall of St Gregory Church, its most ancient structure, dates back to 1003. It faces a small chapel south of Holy Cross and, farther southward, the cross-domed church Gatoghike (13th century). The name of the architect-Vetziq - is memorialized by a remarkably beautiful khachkar erected on the eastern side of the ensemble. Toward the end of the 12th century a four-column gavit, the earliest of its kind, arose on the western side of St Gregory Church. The small domed church of Arutyun (1220) with a perfectly original gavit lies nearby. The tombstones and sites steles of the complex date from the 11th-13th centuries.

sanahin-monastery_armeniaSanahin: Sanahin village is connected to the main highway by a footbridge built in 1192, the oldest well-preserved bridge in Armenia. Erected near the town of Alaverdi, Sanahin ranks amongst the most celebrated monasteries of medieval Armenia and is comprised of several churches and chapels. The bell-tower, dating from the 13th century, overlooks the whole monastic complex. The library was built in 1063. Niches in the thick walls were used for storing books, and the semi-columns are covered with fine carvings depicting reptiles and birds. It is believed that great poet troubadour Sayat-Nova was born in Sanahin, the birthplace of his mother. After his life in Tiflis and his fame as a court minstrel, he became a monk and moved to Haghpat to serve the monastery, where he continued to play his favorite stringed instrument, the saz, in his monastic cell.


Sevanavank-bothSevanavank: On the Peninsula of Lake Sevan, two cross-shaped churches dating from 874 typify the Armenian architectural Renaissance following almost two centuries of Arab oppression. The remains of a 10th-11th century domed hall are of interest, as is the gavit (canopy) of the church of the Apostles renowned for its unique wooden capitals, now displayed at the State Museum of Armenian History. The Museum also houses the beautifully carved doors of the Sevan monastery, dating back to the 12th and 16th centuries, along with a stone relief.

 

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